the part of cooper oxide either by leaching of grinded ore prior the flotation or by leaching the flotation tailing coming out from the concentrator. Direct leaching process of copper oxides or complex ores attracts considerable scientific and engineering attention, which plays an important role in the sus-tainable development of copper industry.
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copper sulfide and free oxidation copper in the raw ore were recycled by flotation, but the other refractory copper oxides, mainly the combination copper oxide, were not thoroughly recycled and the majority were lost in the tailings. As is typical for flotation tailings containing silicate gangue minerals, high temperature leaching was used .
The Escondida Mine is located in the Atacama Desert, Chile. In 2012 it accounted for five per cent of global copper production and around 15 per cent of Chilean copper production. The mining operation includes an oxide ore heap leach plant processing approximately 20 mt/y of ore.
Leaching of the Copper Slag Leaching of the copper slag with concentrated sulphuric acid and distilled water, without increasing the digestion temperature, resulted in leaching recoveries of 45%, with a final copper content in the leach residue of 1.24%. The reaction was exothermic and the measured temperature of the reaction
Copper Leaching In-situ Acid Production Oxide ore Underlying secondary and primary ore FLOTATION Leach Circuit Flotation Tailings Oxygen Acid HEAP LEACH SX/EW Raffinate to Leach Raffinate to Heap Leach e.g. Freeport's Morenci and Bagdad POX plants Generate excess acid in leaching circuit for oxide leach
WATER CONSUMPTION AT COPPER MINES IN ARIZONA Arizona has the best copper deposits in the United States, and produces more of the red metal than most countries except Chile and Peru. All mining needs water for mining and processing and copper mining is no exception. Arizona is mostly desert and, therefore, short of water. This
The hydrometallurgical leaching of chalcopyrite with acid ferric sulfate solution as an alternative process to smelting has been studied extensively. The leaching process can be summarized by the chemical reaction shown below. CuFeS2 + 4Fe+³ → Cu+² + 2S° + 5Fe+².
Copper oxide is more difficult to recover than copper sulfide. Presently, the three main treatment methods of copper oxide are flotation [2,3], leaching , and beneficiation-metallurgy combination processes . The flotation method can be divided into the two following types: direct flotation and sulfidation–xanthate flotation.
Leaching would typically be the preferred option over flotation. However, as has been stated above it is necessary to conduct test work at lab and/or pilot scale to determine the necessary ...
Further, through the use of biooxidation, it is now possible to leach many of the copper sulfide minerals present in the ore. While chalcopyrite remains refractory to ambient temperature bioleaching, other copper sulfide minerals - the secondary sulfide minerals - such as chalcocite, covellite, bornite, etc. - are leachable by today's technology.
Approximately 40% of the total copper occurs in non-sulphide form. Metallurgical tests conducted on the ore showed that sulphidization was ineffective to recover a significant part of the oxidized copper. However, the leach- precipitation-flotation process, commonly referred to as LPF, was shown to be economically feasible.
This study was carried out to investigate the flotation and leaching behaviour of bornite and chalcopyrite when they are together as principal sulphide minerals. Bench scale flotation performance was examined both in the absence and in the presence of a collector, PEX. In the
Through the test of low temperature sulphation roasting - leaching to the flotation of copper concentrate shows that under the conditions of temperature of 450 °C for copper concentrate roasting 135 minutes, and after the calcine cooling, then with concentration of 4% sulfuric acid and Liquid-solid ratio of 3:1 leaching of 80 minutes ...
Jul 14, 2017· Copper leaching can be economically advantageous if its operating cost is lower than that of flotation. It seems reasonable that it should be the case given that the grinding, flotation, concentrate thickening, and tailings disposal stages are eliminated. Those two aspects are currently impeding the adoption of this technology in the industry.
The application of atmospheric leaching can be considered as a complimentary process for processing of copper flotation concentrate in order to elevate the recovery of copper and to recover metals, which are being lost in the current technologies (Zn, Co, Mo, V). The standard treatment of copper flotation sulphide concentrates by smelting,
Selective flotation is used to recover molybdenum as a byproduct in a separate concentrate. Gold and silver are common byproducts in copper concentrates and are recovered with copper at the smelter and refinery. Another method of copper recovery, leaching of copper from run-of-mine or crushed ore placed on dumps, followed by
In 2011 leaching, both heap leaching and in-situ leaching, produced 3.4 million metric tons of copper, 22 percent of world production. The largest copper heap leach operations are in Chile, Peru, and the southwestern United States. Although heap leaching is a low cost-process, it …
The main concern with respect to landfilling of copper flotation waste is the release of elements (e.g., salts and heavy metals) when in contact with water, that is, leaching.
temperature, pressure and leaching time were investigated to test the leaching efficiency of copper and nickel from the flotation with high preconcentrate s-sure oxidative leaching (HPOL). A comparison was made between the leaching efficiencies of copper and nickel from flotation concentrates and mine tailing. Keywords
flotation. Low copper extractions both from the slag and the slag flotation tailings indicate that sulphuric acid is not a suitable reagent for leaching these materials, at room temperature. This conclusion is in line with the study by Banza et al. (2002) where the leaching of copper smelter slag with …
Hydrometallurgical Production of Copper From Flotation Concentrates By J. R. Cobble, C. E. Jordan, and D. A. Rice UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bruce Babbitt, Secretary BUREAU OF MINES This report is based upon research conducted under an agreement between the University of Alabama and the Bureau of Mines.
Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology The last boomin technological innovation for the copper industry occurred in the first two dec-ades of this century, whenopen pit mining, flo- tation concentration,and the reverberatory smelter were adapted to porphyry copper ores. With the exception of leaching-solvent extrac-
Copper flotation waste is an industrial by-product material produced from the process of manufacturing copper. The main concern with respect to landfilling of copper flotation waste is the release of elements (e.g., salts and heavy metals) when in contact with water, that is, leaching.
A technology route of Reverse flotation of acid-consuming gangue mineralsAcid leaching for copperExtractingElectrodepositing is proposed for recovery copper from a ...
New Developments in the Atmospheric and Pressure Leaching of Copper Ores and Concentrates David Dreisinger ... from leach residue (by flotation) and oxidizing under water in a pressure leach autoclave . ... • Rapid and complete copper leaching, high degree of
Copper sulfide ores must be concentrated before they can be economically transported and smelted. The universal technique for this concentration is froth flotation of finely ground ore. Froth flotation entails attaching fine Cu-sulfide mineral particles to bubbles and floating them out of a water–ore mixture.
Copper Flotation And Leaching Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or …
of copper and iron from flotation concentrates including both primary and secondary copper sulfides has not been well studied as yet. Hence, this research was done to in-vestigate the effect of these cations on chemical and bac-terial leaching of Sarcheshmeh copper concentrate in the presence and absence of mixed cultures of moderately
Bacterial leaching, combined with SX/EW, offers a method of exploiting small ore bodies with a minimum of capital investment. Most commercial operations leaching copper from ore dumps are located in the Southern Hemisphere in Australia, Chile, Myanmar and Peru.
process would be reconfigured so that flotation was carried out ahead of leaching. This arrangement meant that copper minerals from the ore would be removed into a flotation concentrate before leaching, with the expectation that lower copper in the leach feed would reduce the consumption of cyanide during leaching.
: A Review on Novel Techniques for Chalcopyrite Ore Processing . predomin ant copper mineral. Hydrometallurgical methods are used in countries having readily available deposits with low copper content with sulphur of oxidized form at the same time (USA, Chile, Australia and Peru) (Majima et al. 1985). Hydrometallurgical processing of chalcopyrite